Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica

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Themes

The Architecture and Territory Section carries out researches concerning architectural design and building technologies, survey and knowledge of what's built as an indispensable premise to plan restoration, preservation, (sustainable) development and reuse of existing assets, for urbanistic planning and cognitive investigations throughout photogrammetry and topography.
These researches are mostly developed il laboratories capable of designing and consulting for the consultation of external bodies: Geomatics Lab., Landscape Construction and Architecture Lab. (LCPa), Building and Planning Knowledge and Technology Lab. (STEP), Urban Planning Laboratory (UPLab), Architecture Maker Lab (AML), Chinalab and Drawing and Architecture DocumentAtion Lab (DAda Lab).

The Hydraulics, Environment and Energetic Section deals with studies of theoretical and modeling character, both numerical and experimental, relating to the following sectors of civil engineering: technical physics (analysis of confined environments, environmental control, systems); classical fluid dynamics (single-phase and multi-phase fluids, interaction problems) and biomedical fluid dynamics; hydrology (hydrological phenomena in basins); urban hydraulics (aqueducts and sewers); health and environmental engineering (urban wastewater and solid waste treatment, remediation of contaminated sites, management and recovery of solid waste); modeling of environmental pollution processes (processes of transport and processing of pollutants); hydraulic risk (flood propagation and detritic transport phenomena, risk mapping); turbomachinery (flow and cavitation phenomena in the pumps).

The Structures and Materials Section performs basic and applied research related to mechanics of structures and materials. The fields of interest range from civil engineering to industrial engineering, biomechanics, and more generally all those fields where structures and mechanical behavior of materials are important elements within a technical-scientific application.
In the civil sector research ranges from innovative design of newly conceived materials and structures to analysis of the reliability of constructions and systems, structural optimization, development of effective anti-seismic design methods, vibration control, problems of existing and historic-monumental buildings, as well as structure-environment interaction.
In the industrial sector typical applications concern the study of unconventional structures, the analysis of coupled fields (multi-physical), solid and structural mechanics extension to biomechanical and biomedical field, MEMS analisys. More in detail, in the biomechanical field the topics of interest range from modeling biological tissues, to the study of sports performance and rehabilitation techniques, to the application of advanced materials for the realization of prostheses in orthopedic, orthodontic and cardio surgery,
using computational models supported by experimental validation of cardiovascular fluid dynamics. Rigorous study of these themes requires the development of theoretical models, the execution of numerical simulations and the creation of suitable experimental tests with relative data collection.
The Section is equipped with one of the largest Italian experimental university labs.

The Department develops the following four lines of activity:

1. Territory, community and property protection from natural and environmental risks;
2. Consciousness, conservation, reuse and sustainable valuation of built heritage;
3. Virtual modeling and additive manufacturing (3d printer) for advanced materials;
4. Smart sustainable city.

1. Territory, community and property protection from natural and environmental risks
Department's active research is mostly aimed at the development of:
1. Methods for assessing the hazards in seismic, geotechnical, hydrogeological, hydrometeorological, environmental field;
2. methods of assessing the vulnerability and exposure of buildings, infrastructures, urban systems, lifelines, historic / architectural heritage;
3. Local, urban and territorial risk assessments;
4. methods, materials, technologies and activities to reduce vulnerability and risk in existing buildings;
5. detection, measurement, monitoring systems;
6. methods and models for post-disaster reconstruction and emergency management.

2. Consciousness, conservation, reuse and sustainable valuation of built heritage
The intervention on the built heritage is an area of ​​significant importance both at national and international level. University of Pavia and especially DICAr have competencies and research traditions focused on the point, which can be further developed and promoted in a strategic perspective. Conservation, enhancement and sustainable reuse of historical heritage is indeed a possible over-departmental strategic platform.
Sustainable conservation of building heritage is also one of the strategic actions of the present-day governance of the University whose real estate could be considered as a preferred experimental fabric for competitive research and development initiatives in this field also in a more general context concerning the theme of "campus".

3. Virtual modeling and additive manufacturing (3d printer) for advanced materials
The goal is to combine research (both university and industrial) with application and at the same time combine three skill classes (3D printers, computational mechanics, innovative materials) which indeed already represent significant technological and applicational interest in themselves but at the more so if jointly considered can provide inspiration for new technological achievements.
Computational Mechanics. Computational mechanics is the engineering discipline that involves the use of virtual simulation to study mechanical problems as well as problems where force systems induce changes in the configuration of the object of the study. The final goal is to build a virtual instrument to reproduce different classes of physical phenomena, significantly reducing the need for experimental testing.
Advanced materials. The focus is on materials with innovative behaviors or uses, possibly with high mechanical performance. At first, attention will be focused on polymer-based materials that can then be used for 3D printing with the idea of ​​transferring knowledge of polymeric materials to the materials used in 3D printing for the purpose of new areas of use and application.

4. Smart sustainable city
The city and the many communities that inhabit it constitute a complex system whose effective management requires adequate knowledge. The solution is a system consisting of a data acquisition and transmission component, databases capable of fully managing the spatial and temporal data component and analysis and visualization capabilities: such a system is called a dashboard.
The purpose of the dashboard is to support planning of policies related to environmental sustainability, security, resilience, equity and social cohesion; it provides to monitor its effects, even to the surrounding area.
The primary objective is to promote research into innovative data acquisition technologies and interdisciplinary methodologies for their analysis. The city of Pavia will be used as a demonstrator.